Mahatma Gandhi is a universal leader of peace, love, justice, equality and human freedom. He is the icon of Indian Freedom. The following essays on topic Mahatma Gandhi, his life, role, importance, struggles, life Principles with detailed explanation, are essential and helpful for students
- 1 Long Essay on Mahatma Gandhi
- 1.1 Introduction
- 1.2 His Birth, Family & Early Life
- 1.3 Early Education and forward
- 1.4 The Meaningful Journey of his Life
- 1.5 His Contributions, Role and Accomplishments
- 1.6 Eleven (11) Principles of Mahatma Gandhi
- 1.7 Message for students
- 1.8 His death
- 2 2. My Hero, My Role Model Mahatma Gandhi Essay
- 3 Mahatma Gandhi Essay for college Students
- 4 Essay on Gandhi for class 9th & 10th Students
- 5 Essay on Gandhi for class 6, 7 and 8th
- 6 Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for 3rd, 4th and 5th Class
- 7 Ten Best Lines & Five More Sentences Essay On Mahatma Gandhi For Kids
Long Essay on Mahatma Gandhi
A detailed essay on Mahatma Gandhi, his life biography, Contributions, Role, Achievements, his Eleven Principles with Explanation, his message or life Lessons for children & students
The full name of Mahatma Gandhi was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He is known as the father of India. The Indians call him BAPU. He was very simple, honest, straightforward and Iconoclastic selfless person.
He was humanitarian and spent his whole life in the service of humanity. He was purely vegetarian. He disliked inequality and discrimination. He lived form 1969 to 1948.
His Birth, Family & Early Life
The great name Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi opened his eyes on 2nd October 1869 in a traditional Hindu family in Porbandar, Gujrat India. He was born in a well to do family. He belonged a very noble family. His father was the Diwan of city.
His father had four wives. Mohandas was born to his fourth wife Putlibai. There first three wives died while giving birth to baby. Putlibai, mother of Mohandas was a pious soul.
When he was thirteen years old, he was married to Kasturbai ba Makhanji. His marriage was the an arranged marriage. He married with the agreement and consent of his parents. Gandhi had four children from his wife Kasturbai.
Since his childhood he loved simplicity and demonstrated tolerance and peace. He avoided to hurt living organisms. In his early stage of life was abstinent. He didn’t like to eat meat. He adopted strong abstinence from alcohol and promiscuity.
Early Education and forward
He got his early education at Bombay. He studied law for year at Bombay University later he moved to London where he graduated in law. He worked in the bar of England.
During his years of practicing law, when he studied Civil disobedience he was highly inspired by writings of David Thoreau.
He learnt law there at London England. After his completion of degree of law he returned to Bombay where he practiced law for a year. After one year he moved to South Africa and worked there for an Indian firm in Natal.
The Meaningful Journey of his Life
He grew sense of racism and discrimination there at south Africa. He experienced racism when he was pushed back to a third class room for accommodating a European passenger in the train.
Though Mohandas Gandhi had genuine first class ticket but he was compelled to sit in third class category of people. In some hotels he was discriminated by white people. They hated him because of his color and race.
In his life he brought revolutionary changes. He founded Natal Indian congress in 1894. The main objective behind the foundation of Natal Indian congress was to eliminate discrimination, specially he focused on British discrimination in South Africa.
In 1897, he shifted his wife and children to South Africa. Because of his protests against discrimination he was attacked several times but he survived the attacks and became the first non-white lawyer in South Africa. He spent his twenty years of life in South Africa.
He was inspired by the non-violence principles of Leo Tolstoy. For the first time in 1906 he organized a non-violent resistance against the Transvaal government’s registration act.
He united his fellow Indians to defy the new law that benefited none. Along with his colleagues he was jailed on many occasions.
His peaceful protests were a forceful public outcry, which compelled authorities to negotiate with Gandhi. Later he struggled for Indian independence and played an active part in the independence of India.
His Contributions, Role and Accomplishments
In the history of India he earned a great name and honor. He is called as the father of nation. Indians lovingly call him BAPU, which means, the father of India. He worked day and night for the independence of India.
In the entire history of India he is termed as the Iconoclastic selfless person. He worked selflessly for the freedom of Indians. He opposed the British rule and united people to stand against the atrocities of British.
He started fighting for the welfare of common people from 1906. When he united and assembled people to oppose the new law of government’s registration act. From there his real journey to independence of Indians started.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the first person who reformed the political and social structure of India. He organized Indians politically and socially. He amended the social practices and reformed the polity of India. It is he who opened eyes of Indians and made them realize their basic rights.
Indians lived the life of slavery and subjugation. He led them and enabled them to think independently. There were many social evils. The Indian society was drowned in evils. He ameliorated the social norms and eradicated social evils.
He raised voice against social discrimination, injustice and inequality. He advocated the justice and equality. He worked selflessly for the welfare and betterment of common Indians. He elevated the status of poor and supported them.
His twenty years of life at south Africa won the hearts of black people. The African hail Gandhi as the great leader. He stood and fought for the rights of black people in South Africa. They were discriminated and deprived of their basic rights. He voiced their sufferings and motivated Africans to fight for their basic rights.
When he returned India in 1915, he joined congress. While facing the malevolent tactics of British he started Satyagrah Movement against them.
It is he who started Non-cooperation Movement. This movement was the foundation stone of the freedom of India. His policy of non-violence and non-cooperation were the most effective weapons used for the freedom of India. He incited Indians and led them to oppose unfair means of British.
In 1942 he started Quit India Movement against British to remove white people form the sacred land of India. He rendered invaluable and selfless services for Indians and gifted them a sovereign independent state.
He not only played a key role in the independence of India but he eradicated all social evils like injustice, inequality and discrimination. He believed that every single individual and living being possess the same soul and all deserve equal rights.
Eleven (11) Principles of Mahatma Gandhi
The most celebrated eleven principles of his life and Philosophy are as under.
it means Non-violence. This principle teaches to not harm any one.It also mean to do good to others.
This means the truth. Truth in speech and action is the identity of a man.
This means non-stealing. Stealing is sinful, to steal means to cheat oneself.
This principle means self-discipline. One must have control over his own sense organs. Self discipline is the key to success and good for a healthy society.
it means non-possession.Hoarding is not good, only think of today, don’t store for tomorrow. Possess less and be better to your fellow beings. Help them, give them and feed them.
This means the bread and Labor. Earning the bread by working hard is a rewarded act. Perform body Labour to earn your livelihood.
The Asawda means the control of palate. Foods are essential ingredients of physical health but there should be control over unnecessary stimulation.
8. Sarvatra Bhayavarjana
This means bravery and fearlessness. The absence of all types of fears in life is important, it gives peace of mind. Don’t be arrogant and aggressive, react peacefully.
9. Sarva Dharma Samanta
This principle of Gandhi’s Philosophy means equality of all religions. All religions are interwoven, no religion is superior to other religion.
The Swadeshi principle means using locally made products.It is all about using the products produced in our country.
Sparshbhavna or Non touch-ability means to forget the barriers, to not differentiate oneself from another one. One must avoid arrogant assumption of element of superiority and be self-restraint. The above mentioned principles of Gandhi if applied practically will change the scenario of whole world.
Message for students
Gandhi is reported to have said that be the change you wish to see in the world. His life teaches lessons of morality, self discipline, honesty, nonviolence, unity and equality. Students must make Gandhi their role model to help improve the society.
In our today’s society many social evils exist, it is time to adopt principles of Gandhi to eradicate social evils. Students are the real architect of nation, they are the future of country. Gandhi’s lesson of faith and unity among students is the most precious lesson for students.
Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on 30th January 1948 in New Delhi.The ashes of this great soul were buried at Raj ghat, New Delhi, India. His death stunned the whole nation. May his soul rest in peace.
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2. My Hero, My Role Model Mahatma Gandhi Essay
The word Mahatma means the great soul. Mahatma Gandhi is my role model and my hero. His life is an inspiration to me. He lived a simple life. His simple life is an example to be followed. Because of his qualities I consider him my role model. He always advocated truth and he practically adopted truth in his life.
He was very hard worker. He worked day and night for the betterment of humanity. For the cause of humanity he never showed reluctance and never ignored humans. He persuaded and motivated others to work for the humanity.
The leadership qualities of Gandhi are rarely found in leaders of today. He paid selfless services for humans. Throughout his life he was worried about condition of poor people.
Most importantly he fought for the freedom of Indians through his non-violence. He didn’t fight with guns or pistols rather he fought the war with his wisdom and deep insight.
He was very sagacious. His mind was full of novel revolutionary ideas. I aspire to be like him. I want to eliminate the social evils and want to benefit humanity. He reformed the society and brought productive changes in society.
He taught youth to be non-violent and to be truthful. He also suggested youth to be fearless. Truly he had a great soul. He lived life in such a way that if one practically adopt his lifestyle would make wonders.
He fought against injustice, inequality and discrimination which are the fatal diseases of society. He used to believe that all are equal. There is no one superior to other nor any one is inferior to others.
He buried the differences among people and made them stand united. He preached to do away with injustice, inequality and discrimination and encouraged young generation to sweep away prejudices and to be one.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay for college Students
Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in porbandar Gujrat India. His full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He belonged to a middle class family.
His father’s name was Karamchand uttamchand Gandhi. He was a merchant. His mother’s name was Putlibai. She was a house wife. He married at the age of thirteen. His wife’s name was kasturbai. He had four children.
He got early education in Bombay India. He was very intelligent since his childhood. He never ceased to wonder his parents with his wisdom and intelligence.
He graduated in law from London and became a successful lawyer of his time. He spent his twenty years of life in South Africa, where he learnt law and was inspired and influenced by Tolstoy’s nonviolence principles.
He returned India in 1915 and dedicated his rest of for the freedom of India. He joined Indian National congress and worked tirelessly for the freedom of Hindus.
He fought against prevalent injustice and inequality. The Indians were devoid of their basic rights. They were under the domination of British.
He eradicated social evils and rooted out discrimination. He united people under one platform and persuaded them to fight for their rights. He led mass group of people and freed them from slavery. He started Satyagrah Movement against the cruel practices of British.
His non-cooperation movement was a first step to gain independence. His movements shook the world and spread tremors of outcry against injustice and inequality.
Last but not the least, his quit India Movement against unjust rule of British helped achieve independence. His enervating and rudimentary efforts and struggles gifted Indians an independent state.
The Indian land is indebted to Mahatma Gandhi who laid the foundation stone of such a strong nation which is rich in cultural diversity. The unity that he created is unbreakable among Indians. Indians celebrate Gandhi’s day to pay him tribute and to remember his selfless services.
He always advocated Satya means truth and Ahimsa means Non-violence. He love humanity and worked tirelessly for the betterment of humanity. He used to say that “ The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others”.
He tried to unite people belonging to different religions. He preached brotherhood and love. He created a bondage of love among people. He wanted to see people of different religions as a one collective body. Gandhi’s message to youth is to be tolerant to all religions.
He didn’t live for himself. He lived and fought ceaselessly for the rights of poor and weak people. He have had no mundane desires. He spent most of his life in a simple dress. He discarded away materialistic desires just he had a desire to serve humanity.
His whole life is a role model to not only Indians but to all races and nations. Sadly the possessor of great soul, the leading light of India was mercilessly assassinated on 30th January 1948 in New Delhi. He died but left a legacy behind.
Essay on Gandhi for class 9th & 10th Students
The greatest freedom fighter ever of India Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar Gujarat India. His father Karamchand uttamchand Gandhi was a businessman man while his mother Putlibai was a house wife.
When he become of 13 years, his parents married him with a one year elder girl named as Kasturbai. He had four children from his wife.
He continued his studies after marriage. He was interested in law. Therefore, to pursue his interest for studying law, he moved to England. He spent around 20 years of his life in South Africa where he fought against racial discrimination.
When he moved back to India he started fighting for the Indian rights bill. During 1915 firstly he stood for the rights of farmers against British. He started Satyagrah Movement to defend the rights of farmers. He didn’t like materialism and fought against the egoistic behavior.
His policy of non-violence made him popular among Indians and he fought against injustice, inequality and discrimination with love and peace. He fought with words. His non-violence policy was the bridge for freedom. He started to fight for the freedom of Indians.
When he stood for freedom, he was tortured mentally and physically. He was arrested and put jails but he didn’t yield. He remained true to his cause. He initiated quit India Movement to force British leave India. His movements, struggles and efforts didn’t waste. He succeeded to achieve a separate homeland for Hindus.
He gifted Hindus a new separate nation where they could live according to their religion. All Indians consider him the father of nation. Every year 2nd October, his date of birth is celebrated as the international non-violence day worldwide. Indians held him high in esteem because he blessed them a sovereign independent state.
He is called Mahatma means great soul because of his services for humanity. Since his early life he was very shy in nature. He was very serious and never took anything lightly.
From adolescence he had no strong sexual desires and avoided sexual relationships. He never ever consumed liquor because once he had promised his mother to abstain from liquor and women.
He abstained from eating meat. He was a vegetarian, the main source of his diet were vegetables. He was very calm in nature. He didn’t like anger and fight. He loved peace and advocated peace throughout life.
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Essay on Gandhi for class 6, 7 and 8th
Mahatma Gandhi is the famous leader of India. His full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. His father’s name is Karamchand uttamchand Gandhi while, his mother’s name is Putlibai and his wife’s name is kasturbai Makhanji. He married at the age of 13 and had four children from his wife.
He got his primary education from Bombay India. He went to London England to study law. He was very intelligent and wise from his childhood. When he completed his degree of law he returned to India and struggled to become a lawyer.
He became a lawyer and went to South Africa where he faced racial discrimination against black and Indians. There he became an activist and started fighting for the rights of black and Indians who were subject of racial discrimination in South Africa. He spent around 21 years of his life there at south Africa.
In 1915 he came back to India and joined Indian National congress. Being in congress he headed many agitations and protects called Satyagrah. His first successful step that he took in 1917. It was his champaran Satyagrah Movement against feudal landlords and unjust policies of British government to subdue farmers and poor.
Later he started Non-cooperation Movement against British. He asked his colleagues and people to break co-operation with British. He knew that British had succeeded because of co-operation of Indians so he tried to end co-operation with them.
To weaken British power, in 1930 he started salt Satyagraha Movement. Finally he started an aggressive movement named as Quit India Movement. During 1942 he was arrested and jailed for two years, his wife kasturbai died during those days.
In his last fast of life he gained an independent sovereign state for Indians.On 15th August 1947 India appeared as an independent state on the globe of the world. In January1948 he was assassinated.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for 3rd, 4th and 5th Class
Mahatma Gandhi was born at Porbandar Gujarat on 2nd October 1869, in a Hindu family of India. Unlike many children Gandhi was wise and intelligent since his childhood
His father, who was an acclaimed businessman of area, gave provided him the early education at Bombay. Mahatma Gandhi was the only beloved son to his parents. He married when he was 13 years only. Thus he became more responsible and dutiful person.
While leaving for England for higher education, he promised his mother and wife that he will abstain from liquor and will never establish sexual relationships with any woman. He remained true to his promise till death.
He was an activist. He rooted out social evils and introduced revolutionary changes in the society. Half of his life he devoted for the independence of India. He headed many movements against British to expel them from subcontinent.
His notable movements were Satyagrah, Non-cooperation and Quit India Movements. These movements were the building blocks of independence of India.
British tried their utmost to stop him. Many a times he was mentally and physically oppressed. In his struggles, five years before the independence, he was jailed. Despite all of that, he stood steadfast to his mission.
He was the man of fine letters. His real strength was enveloped in his simplicity, faith in God, practice of truth and non-violent behavior.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Class 1 and 2
Mahatma Gandhi a famous lawyer, an activist, writer and politician of India. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. His father’s name was Karamchand uttamchand Gandhi. His mother’s name was Putlibai. He was married to a girl named kasturba at the age of 13.
He was enrolled in a school at Bombay where he completed his early education. For higher studies he went to England and graduated in law. He studied his religious book Bhagavad Gita and was influenced by its teachings.
He worked hard to reform society and eradicated social evils. Later he entered in politics and joined Indian National congress. He awakened Indians and realized them to fight for their rights.
He was against the rule of British and wanted independence. He started different movements to weaken the strength of British. His efforts and struggles availed the Indians, at last on 15th August 1947 and India appeared as an independent state on the globe of the world.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for KG students
Mahatma Gandhi whom all Indians call BAPU means the father of nation. His full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was very wise, simple, honest and very bold. He is the perfect example of peace and love.
He studied at Bombay. He passed graduation in law from London England. He became a good lawyer. He studied law minutely and used law for the progress and betterment of poor people. The humanity stood first to him.
He fought against British. The Indians were salves of white people. He fought for Hindus. He gave them freedom and a separate nation India.
All Indians are proud of Mahatma Gandhi who blessed them an independent state. The Indians owe everything to Gandhi who fought for them and served them selflessly.
Ten Best Lines & Five More Sentences Essay On Mahatma Gandhi For Kids
1. The great leader of India Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar Gujarat India.
2. His father’s name was Karamchand uttamchand Gandhi, who was a chief minister of Porbandar. He was a traditional businessman.
3. His mother’s name was Putlibai. She was a religious and fastidious woman.
4. His wife’s name was kasturbai Makhanji. He married her at the age of 13, his wife was one year elder than him.
5. He got hi early education in Delhi. He completed his higher studies at London England, in law.
6. After completion of his education, he became a renowned civil right activist from 1893 to 1914.
7. In South Africa, he fought against racial discrimination.
8. He joined Indian National congress in 1915 and played a key role in congress.
9. In 1917 he fought for the rights of farmers. He started his first movement against British rule named as champaran Satyagrah.
10. He became the leader of Indian independence against British. He advocated Hindus nationalism strongly and fought for the rights of Hindus.
11. He earned his title Mahatma in 1914 in South Africa because of his selfless services for humanity.
12. Indians lovingly call him BAPU which means father of the nation.
13. He spent very simple life. His simplicity knows no bounds. He always wore common yarn clothes.
14. He abstained to eat meat. He disliked to consume it. He was purely a vegetarian.
15. He died at the age of 78 in 1948 in New Delhi India. His death shocked whole newly born nation.